This recession will finally end the private-sector debt supercycle, says firm that invented the term  04/03/2020 12:37:27   Steve Goldstein

Markets arent quite back to normal, not by a long shot. But they are getting a little less frantic.

The VIX VIX, -1.94% volatility gauge is just over 50, having hit 85 during the worst of the pandemic crisis. Jani Ziedins of the Cracked Market blog expects the S&P 500 SPX, +0.19% to settle into a trading range of 2300 to 2600. It is hardly ideal but, as he writes, it could take 12 to 24 months to get back to [3,000], but I think most people will be quite content if we stop falling.

So it is worth taking a broader look than just the next few days. BCA Research introduced the concept of the debt supercycle in the 1970s, describing how policy makers wouldnt let financial imbalances be fully unwound during downturns. The firm declared the debt supercycle dead at the end of 2014, and said it was partly vindicated by household borrowing, relative to income, retreating and the lack of corporate capital spending, though companies did splash out on stock buybacks and mergers and acquisitions.

Now the firm is declaring the final nail in the coffin. The shock of the recession and destruction of wealth will leave a legacy of increased financial caution with households wanting to build precautionary savings and companies striving to repair damaged balance sheets, writes Martin Barnes, chief economist at BCA, who also says it wouldnt be surprising to see personal savings rise to the double-digit levels of the 1980s.

The flip side of that private-sector retrenching is that there is the start of an extraordinary surge in public sector deficits and debt from already high levels. The Federal Reserve, in turn, will remain a massive buyer of Treasury bonds, even as the economy recovers because it will not want to risk higher yields undermining growth. As globalization retreats, this will set the stage for inflation to return down the line. We have long argued that a sustained upturn in inflation would be preceded by a final bout of deflation. The revival of inflation may be gradual but its insidious nature ultimately will make it more dangerous, he writes.

As for the market implications, he says stocks look far more compelling in the medium term than bonds, since yields are so low already and because monetary policy will be supportive. But the short-term outlook is cloudier since no one knows how long the recession will last.

The buzz

The March jobs report was exceptionally grim. The U.S. lost 701,000 jobs in March and the unemployment rate spiked to 4.4%, the biggest one-month jobless rate increase since 1975. The government report was based on surveys conducted ahead of many state shutdowns.

Global coronavirus cases topped 1 million as the growth in the U.S. new-case tally slowed slightly to 13.9% from 14.2%.

Tesla TSLA, +8.84% may advance after the electric-car maker said it delivered 88,000 vehicles in the first quarter, which was ahead of forecast.

Apple AAPL, -0.10% extended the closures of its U.S. retail stores until early May, Bloomberg News reported, citing a company memo.

3Ms MMM, -0.81% chief executive said N95 mask demand exceeds its production capacity, as President Donald Trump invoked the Defense Production Act against the company and said the firm would pay a big price in a tweet.

Trump is due to meet oil company executives in a roundtable slated to start at 3 p.m. Eastern, according to the White House schedule.

The market

After the 469-point gain for the Dow Jones Industrial Average DJIA, -0.09% on Thursday, U.S. stock futures ES00, -0.19% YM00, -0.40% NQ00, -0.09% were weaker.

Crude-oil futures CL.1, +8.37% extended Thursdays rally, which was prompted by Trump tweeting that there would be a 10 million barrel a day cut to production. The Organization of the Petroleum Exporting Countries cartel and Russia have yet to agree to a production cut.

The chart

Morgan Stanley has lowered its second-quarter U.S. gross domestic product forecast to -38% from -30%. We expect the U.S. economic recovery will be more drawn-out than previously anticipated, marked by a deeper drop into recession and slower climb out, its economists said.

Random reads

Deer have colonized an east London neighborhood.

The Earth is shaking less, because of the pandemic.

Mexico has stopped brewing Corona beer.

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