"We try as far as possible not to divide families, children by law cannot be sent away from the country," Salvini, who is also Italy's Deputy Prime Minister, said in an interview Thursday. "That said, I cannot teach President Trump how to deal with things -- I'm happy with how we're dealing with our migration crisis in Italy."
Salvini shares Trump's concerns about Iran, saying Italy has stopped working on an economic basis with the Middle Eastern country.
Salvini told CNN he hopes to also speak to Pence about the "political situation in Libya, Iran, Venezuela" and potential partnerships between both countries.
Since coming to power in 2018, the 46-year-old has turned into a major player in Italy's fractious coalition government -- consisting of the anti-establishment Five Star Movement and Salvini's hard-right League.
He has since spearheaded a series of anti-immigrant policies and implemented law and order measures reminiscent of Italy's fascist past, such as dismantling migrant and Roma camps.
UN investigators said the decree would "seriously undermine the human rights of migrants," but Salvini doubled down on the decision, accusing rescue organizations such as Sea-Watch of not following the law and working "together with human traffickers."
He said vessels were "saving people close to Tunisia or Malta, far from Italy" but were traveling "twice as long" in order to reach Italy and disembark migrants on its shores.
"Saving lives is not a right, but a duty for everyone. After that, you need to follow laws, international conventions, orders from various forces at sea," he added.
"Sea rescue is not a crime," added the organization, which is suing Italy in the European Court of Human Rights for barring its ships from docking.
Salvini reiterated his inflammatory rhetoric about migrants during the interview, falsely claiming that "there are neighborhoods in [the French city of] Marseille where Sharia [law] is implemented." He added that he agreed with comments once made by the Archbishop of Bologna that it was better to have "migration from countries which culturally speaking are closer to ours."
In last month's European parliamentary elections, Salvini's League party picked up more than 34% of the vote, while coalition partners Five Star lost ground.
The newly named Identity and Democracy (ID) group is the fifth-largest grouping in the European Parliament.
But Salvini ruled out early elections in Italy off the back of the League's electoral success.
"I have no other ambitions, but to keep the promises I've made," he said. "We can maybe talk about this in a few years' time."