North Korea fires 2 short-range missiles

 thehindu.com  03/29/2020 17:52:02 

North Korea fired what appeared to be two short-range ballistic missiles into the ocean off its east coast on Sunday, the latest in a flurry of launches that South Korea decried as inappropriate amid the global COVID-19 pandemic.

Two short-range projectiles were launched from the coastal Wonsan area, and flew 230 km at a maximum altitude of 30 km, South Koreas Joint Chiefs of Staff reported. In a situation where the entire world is experiencing difficulties due to COVID-19, this kind of military act by North Korea is very inappropriate and we call for an immediate halt, South Koreas JCS said in a statement, according to Yonhap news agency.

Japans Ministry of Defense said they appeared to be ballistic missiles, and they did not land in Japanese territory or its exclusive economic zone. They would be the eighth and ninth missiles launched in four rounds of tests this month as North Korean troops conduct military drills, usually personally overseen by Kim Jong-un.

Unprecedented number

That would be the most missiles ever fired in a single month by North Korea, according to a tally by Shea Cotton, senior researcher at the James Martin Center for Nonproliferation Studies. Coming this early in the year, the only time weve seen tests this frequently were in 2016 and 2017, both of which were huge years for North Koreas missile program, he said on Twitter.

All of the missiles fired so far this year have been small, short-range weapons, such as the KN-24 fired during the last launch on March 21.

Strategic weapon

But Mr. Kim has warned that North Korea is developing a new strategic weapon to be unveiled this year, with analysts speculating that it could be a new long-range ballistic missile, or a submarine capable of launching such missiles.

United Nations Security Council resolutions bar North Korea from testing ballistic missiles, and the country has been heavily sanctioned over its missile and nuclear weapons programmes.

This months military drills have been conducted despite a border lockdown and quarantine measures imposed in North Korea in an effort to prevent an outbreak of COVID-19.

South Korea and the United States have postponed some of their joint military exercises because of the coronavirus outbreak in South Korea.

Politically and economically isolated, North Korea has not reported any confirmed cases, though some foreign experts have expressed doubts.

In the past, North Korea has typically conducted military drills, including tests of its ballistic missiles, in March as the wintry weather turns warmer. For the previous two years, however, it had avoided such springtime launches amid denuclearisation talks with the U.S.

Those talks have since stalled, and this years string of tests and military drills appear aimed at underscoring North Koreas return to a more hard-line policy, said Ankit Panda, a senior fellow at the Washington-based Federation of American Scientists.

There is an element of projecting a business-as-usual image amid the COVID-19 situation, but I think its not overriding, he said. These tests do allow Kim Jong-un to show that hes sticking to the hard-line policy he laid out in December 2019.

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