GRAND RAPIDS, MI -- State health officials have traced the travel of two recent measles patients from Southeast Michigan to a handful of locations across the state, including two sites in Grand Rapids.
The measles virus can live for up to two hours in the air where an infected person was present. Symptoms of the disease can take 1-3 weeks after exposure to appear, and Michigan Department of Health and Human Services officials are attempting to prevent further exposures after 42 cases have already been reported in 2019.
One of the newest confirmed cases is a patient from Southeast Michigan who visited:
As of Wednesday, April 17, there had not been any confirmed cases of measles in Grand Rapids this year.
Measles is a highly contagious, vaccine-preventable disease that is spread by direct person-to-person contact and through the air, according to health officials.
Symptoms of measles include a high fever; cough; runny nose; red, watery eyes; tiny white spots on the inner cheeks, gums, and roof of mouth (2-3 days after symptoms begin); and a rash that is red, raised, blotchy and usually starts on the face and spreads to the trunk, arms, and legs 3-5 days after symptoms begin.
If symptoms develop, residents are urged to call their doctor or emergency room before arriving so they can take precautions to prevent exposure to other individuals.
This year, Michigan has its highest number of confirmed measles cases since 1991 when 65 cases were reported. Of those cases, 39 have been in Oakland County, one in Wayne County, one in Detroit, and one who was an international traveler who visited Washtenaw County.
There have been 555 cases this year across 20 states.
What you need to know about Michigans measles outbreak
Measles is one of the world's most contagious diseases, and an outbreak is occurring in metro Detroit.
Health officials urge Michigan residents to contact their healthcare provider or local health department about getting vaccinated for measles if they have not already done so.
The vaccine is highly effective and very safe, officials said. A single dose protects about 95 percent of children, and a second dose results in an almost 100-percent immunity rate for all individuals.
The vaccine can be effective when given within 72 hours of exposure to prevent illness. In addition, immune globulin treatment is effective within six days of exposure for high-risk individuals.
You cannot get measles from the vaccine, MDHHS officials said in a press release.
Other recent exposure dates and locations include: