"Let us be clear, this was a domestic terror attack perpetrated by riotist mobs of White supremacists, armed equipped and many skilled in police and military tactics who came to overturn an election in which their candidate Trump lost," Rep. Joyce Beatty of Ohio and chair of the Congressional Black Caucus said in the group's hearing.
"Madam Speaker, St. Louis and I rise in support of the article of impeachment against Donald J Trump. If we fail to remove a White supremacist President who incited a white supremacist insurrection, it's communities like Missouri's First District that suffer the most," Bush said during her speech.
People marched by the thousands in both after believing that a wrong had been done to them. The calls for racial justice across America over the summer were backed by the deaths of George Floyd, Breonna Taylor and the pain of following generations of anti-Blackness sentiment. Unlike BLM protests, the insurrection at the Capitol was triggered by lies and deeply rooted racist stereotypes, experts say.
Convinced that the presidential election was stolen
, rioters touted themselves as "patriots" and repeatedly chanted "USA, USA" while vandalizing and destroying the building at the heart of America's democracy. Trump, who has embraced dog whistle tactics such as calling Mexicans "rapists" and called the words Black Lives Matter a "symbol of hate
," incited them.
Here's a look what's driven the Black Lives Matter movement for nearly a decade and why Trump supporters broke into the Capitol:
After weeks of hearing false claims that the presidential election was rigged, Trump supporters flocked to Washington to fight against the ceremonial counting of the electoral votes that would confirm President-elect Joe Biden's win.
"I absolutely stand 100% behind what happened here today," Todd Possett, who was part of last week's mob, told CNN's Donie Sullivan
. "It's terrible how this election was stolen. I had to come here and do my patriotic duty."
Marc Morial, president and CEO of the National Urban League
, said Wednesday the mob was motivated by racial resentment and "a conspiracy theory rooted in the effort to invalidate Black folks."
"The mob was met with empathy and deference from some in law enforcement and some in a military establishment that harbors White supremacists, let's say it, amongst its own ranks," Morial testified at Congressional Black Caucus hearing in response to the riots.
After the election, Detroit, Milwaukee, Philadelphia and Camden, New Jersey, were among the cities the Trump campaign had falsely accused of voter fraud and corruption. These cities are either majority Black or have large Black populations.
During a press conference in November
, Trump's personal attorney, Rudy Giuliani, said, "You knew if you lived in Philadelphia. Unless you're stunod -- that's an Italian expression for stupid -- unless you're stupid, you knew that a lot of people were coming over from Camden to vote," he said. "They do every year. Happens all the time in Philly. ... And it's allowed to happen because it's a Democrat (sic), corrupt city, and has been for years. Many, many years. And they carried it out in places where they could get away from it."
Rioters believed a narrative deeply rooted in racist stereotypes that has been consistent throughout Trump's administration and used by other politicians in the past 50 years, according to Haney Lpez, who is a law professor at the University of California, Berkeley.
"Mainly what they're trying to trigger is a sense that dangerous persons of color are coming to take over the country," Haney Lpez said.
"They believe it because in their hearts it feels true that this multi-racial coalition is taking power," he added. "It's just wrong to them that Black people in coalition with Latinos and Asian Americans and Whites should take power."
He claimed the "real problem" is what other politicians said about protests over the summer in Seattle and Portland, Oregon.
In 2013, the unexpected verdict in the murder trial in the killing of Trayvon Martin, a 17-year-old Black teen who had been walking in his father's Florida neighborhood, led to the birth of Black Lives Matter
-- one of the most well-known organizations fighting for the well-being of Black people.
What started as a hashtag became a website, an organization and later grew into more than a dozen local chapters across the US and Canada. They were driven by the series of deaths of Black Americans at the hands of police and vigilantes.
According to the BLM website
, its mission is "to eradicate white supremacy and build local power to intervene in violence inflicted on Black communities by the state and vigilantes."
But BLM's goal isn't just about protesting police brutality. At the local level, the organization advocates for mutual aid, defunding police
and access to housing and health care for Black and brown workers.
"We live in a country built to keep us away from these resources that we need," says Kailee Scales, managing director of the Black Lives Matter Global Network. "Folks in the movement have been consistently fighting to reverse that trend, to raise awareness that this is not the way we're supposed to live."
Studies show that segregation persists in many American cities
, leaving majority Black neighborhoods behind. Black communities don't have the same access as Whites to health care, quality education, good jobs and other resources.
"You know, for many of us in this country, we know what it is to be treated differently. And we also know what it is to be told that all of the things we experience every single day don't exist or that if they do exist that it's our fault (and) that we somehow created the conditions of inequality," said Alicia Garza, who co-founded the Black Lives Matter Global Network with Patrisse Cullors and Opal Tometi.
People marched against police violence, systemic racism, to be seen and heard.
"If you don't speak up and don't say anything, you're just like the officers that stood by and watched," Randy Fikki, a protester in Kansas City
, told CNN affiliate WDAF-TV, referring to the officers involved in Floyd's death.
Last week, Trump supporters were criticized on social media after using another phrase that has been known as a racial justice call for years.
They used the hashtag #SayHerName when referring to Ashli Babbitt,
a 35-year-old White woman who was fatally shot as the mob tried to force its way toward the House floor.
They appeared to be oblivious to the #SayHerName campaign
, which aims to raise awareness of the Black women and girls who fall victim to police brutality -- and who are often overlooked and forgotten.