The app, which is hugely popular among teenagers, was unavailable to download from Apple (AAPL) and Google (GOOGL) on Wednesday. The companies removed it from their app stores late Tuesday, people familiar with the matter told CNN Business.
India's technology ministry did not immediately respond to a request for comment.
A spokesperson for Google said the company does not comment on individual apps, while Apple did not immediately respond to a request for comment.
TikTok has appealed the ruling and a court hearing has been scheduled for next week.
"We have faith in the Indian judicial system and we are optimistic about an outcome that would be well received by over 120 million monthly active users in India," the Chinese company said in a statement to CNN Business.
The video-sharing app has become hugely popular in India in recent months. The country now accounts for almost a quarter of TikTok's global user base.
Any restrictions in India are a huge blow to tech companies and platforms. The country has 500 million people online, and a further 800 million potential users.